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  • 作者:德贵佬
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  •  本帖:2011-03-02 12:37
  • 楼主(阅:2521/回:15)除了广西,还有别的地方说毛南语吗?

    除了广西,还有别的群体说毛南话吗?---有啊,我发现一年前开始贵州也有人说“毛南话”了。

    玩笑归玩笑,现在贵州平塘县的毛南族突然在一年前将自己说的语言宣布为“毛南语”。从严谨的学术角度上来说,本人觉得这种新说法可能不甚准确。因为在此之前学术界只知道“毛南语”的运用范围在广西环江毛南族自治县,具体人口较集中在上、中、下南。学术界一直认为贵州平塘、独山等县毛南族说的是“扬黄话”。

    现在为止没有任何研究表明贵州毛南族说的是“毛南语”。毛南语的“吃饭”叫 na u (音“那五”),“喝酒”叫 na kau(音“那考”),贵州平塘县毛南族所说的扬黄话“吃饭”叫 jian rou (音“尖厚”),“喝酒”叫 jien lau (音“尖老”)。它们明显不是一种语言。互相听不懂,怎么会是一种语言。不要什么语言学的理论,普通人都知道这个道理的。

    区别不同语言的标准很多,纯语言学的标准是:基本词汇的同源词数量是衡量语言关系的最重要指标。吃饭喝酒那是最基本的词汇了。扬黄话与毛南话、布依话、壮话、侗话、水话都是有大约60%的同源词。约40%的词汇不同于这些语言。具体的方法是互相听得懂的是方言的区别,听不懂的,是不同语言的区别。中国语言学界把文化、文字、历史、心理素质的因素也考虑了进去。即使按中国语言学界的标准,到目前为止也还是没有中国语言学界的哪一位研究者认为环江毛南族和贵州平塘的毛南族说的是一种语言。

    至今已有很多语言学家写了很多有关贵州平塘扬黄话的研究著作,比如北京大学东语系教授薄文泽的《扬黄语研究》,中央民族大学教授倪大白的《壮侗语族概论》专有扬黄话的描述,著名语言学学者梁敏张均如的《侗台语概论》是将扬黄语和毛南语、水语、侗语等并列的,国外大多称扬黄语为“屯语”(因为扬黄人有自称 ei ten 的, 音“诶屯”,ei 是“人”之意。环江毛南族自称为 ei na:n,音“诶南”)。贵州学者赵道文、吴启禄就平塘毛南族的语言写有《扬黄语简介》,平塘县政府的宣传材料里也一直将之称做“扬黄话”。现在忽然改称为“毛南话”不知是否妥当,是否应该叫“扬黄话”更恰当呢?那么现在平塘县中小学课堂上学习的语言也许应该叫“扬黄语”而非“毛南语”,这才比较名副其实吧。

    我在这里并不是想争辨环江和平塘的毛南族哪个是“正南”哪个是“偏南”,只是想根据学术研究成果评论一下。大家知道,并非是“毛南族”就非得说“毛南话”不可的,回族人就不说“回族话”,以色列人也不说“以色列话”,因为没有这些话。回族说汉语,以色利人说希伯来语。平塘人民说“扬黄话”也仍然是毛南族,不会影响民族的身份,因为既然中央前些年把平塘群体从布依族或彝族改成“毛南族”了,再叫改回来可能性不大。这不用担心的。

    世間本有路,若人稀草盛,則蹊徑無可覓。
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  • 作者:勒丁布壮
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  •  本帖:2011-03-02 22:31
  • 我同意!
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  • 作者:月亮
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  •  本帖:2011-03-03 07:34
  • 那么复杂啊!我还以为整个中国只有环江有毛南族的.
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  • 作者:匿名游客
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  •  本帖:2011-06-17 18:22
  • 环江是正棕的毛南族
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  • 作者:月亮
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  •  本帖:2011-06-18 07:38
  • 回复:楼主
    看到上面说的“吃饭”叫 jian rou (音“尖厚”),““喝酒”叫 jien lau (音“尖老”)。我倒是觉得和环江壮话有点接近。
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  • 作者:匿名游客
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  •  本帖:2011-07-30 12:33
  • 回复:楼主
    看到网上的资料,贵州平塘县的毛南族和广西环江县的毛南族生活习惯不一样,节日也不一样,民族传说也不一样,居住地也不相邻,看到这里说语言也不一样,那为什么他们是一个民族呢?不知道划分标准是什么。
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  • 作者:谭羽靖
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  •  本帖:2011-08-03 04:40
  • 贵州平塘的毛南族是冒充的,我们环江的毛南族是正宗的
    兴我民族立壮志,建我毛南树雄心。
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  • 作者:南蛮子
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  •  本帖:2011-08-10 06:57
  • 路过,顶一个先~~~~~~~~~~~~
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