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  • 作者:德贵佬
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  •  本帖:2011-01-13 16:25
  • 楼主(阅:2801/回:0)(最新)毛南韵母方案七

    (注:这里的国际音标是为了准确表示毛南语音情况,但并不适合普通人学习。要学习毛南拼音方案的话,可点击《音频版本》听录音,那里没有国际音标,容易学一些)

    这次的改动是:

    1、将ee 改为 ie。如:geengh‘桌子’变成 giengh,veed‘蝉’变成 vied,等。长音ee [i:] 这次被处理为ie,相当于腭化音 y 加上e。听觉上二者读音区别不大。
    2、将 ae 改为 ea。如:daez‘父亲’变成 deaz,baengh‘病’变成 beangh,等。
    3、非u 韵母前面的腭化音-y-大多数处理为-i-。

    [a:] 低元音(长元音)> ar(这个参考了英语的做法)
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [a:] --- a --- ma 狗(无韵尾时只单写,而非ar。省略了r)
    [a:i] --- ai --- gaiq 鸡([a:i]为非辅音韵尾收尾,写作ai,而非ari)
    [a:u] --- au --- gauq 旧([a:u]为非辅音韵尾收尾,写作au,而非aru)
    [a:m] --- arm --- sarm 三
    [a:n] --- arn --- larnj 红
    [a:] --- arn --- darng 当
    [a:p] --- arp --- darp 挑/担 (中高平调韵母)
    [a:t] --- art --- gwart 扫 (中高平调韵母)
    [a:k] --- ark --- bark 嘴 (中高平调韵母)
    [a:p] --- arb --- larb 蜡 (升调韵母)
    [a:t] --- ard --- mard 擦 (升调韵母)
    [a:k] --- arg --- larg 孩子 (升调韵母)

    [a] 低元音(短元音)> a
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [a] --- aw --- lawh 腐烂
    [ai] --- ei --- geiq 鸡蛋([ai]为非辅音韵尾收尾,写作ei,而非ai)
    [au] --- ou --- gouq 看([au]为非辅音韵尾收尾,写作ou,而非au)
    [am] --- am --- sam 心
    [an] --- an --- lanx 骗
    [a] --- an --- dang 来
    [ap] --- ap --- lap 黑暗(高平调韵母)
    [at] --- at --- gwat 喜欢 (高平调韵母)
    [ak] --- ak --- bak 北 (高平调韵母)
    [ap] --- ab --- bab 扁 (升调韵母)
    [at] --- ad --- drad 量词个 (升调韵母)
    [ak] --- ag --- dag 公的(性别)(升调韵母)

    [ε] 中低元音 > ea
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [ε] --- ea --- deaz 父亲
    [εu] --- eau --- seauq 干净
    [εm] --- eam --- nyeamz (一)撮(盐)
    [εn] --- ean --- meanh (用棒)击打
    ] --- eang --- beangq 射击
    [εp] --- eap --- eap 鸭子 (高平调韵母)
    [εt] --- eat --- lweat 突然 (高平调韵母)
    [εk] --- eak --- beak 百 (高平调韵母)
    [εp] --- eab --- (暂缺) (升调韵母)
    [εt] --- ead --- (biz) bead (胖)得很(升调韵母)
    [εk] --- eag --- (暂缺) (升调韵母)

    [e] 中高元音 > e
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [e] --- e --- se 你们
    [eu] --- eu --- dreuz 单一
    [em] --- em --- kiemq 欠
    [en] --- en --- zienz 钱
    [e] --- eng --- bengh 病
    [ep] --- ep --- giep 抢劫 (高平调韵母)
    [et] --- et --- met (一)堆(粪) (高平调韵母)
    [ek] --- ek --- qek 尺子 (高平调韵母)
    [ep] --- eb --- deb 碟子 (升调韵母)
    [et] --- ed --- died 有空、得闲 (升调韵母)
    [ek] --- eg --- jeg 值得 (升调韵母)

    [i:] 高元音 (长)> ie (这个长音例外,它不用r做长音标记)
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [i:] --- I --- biz 肥胖 (无韵尾的[i:]标为i,而非ie)
    [i:] --- yi --- yi 布([i:]在此是零声母,按规则前加y ,变成yi ,而非I 或ie )
    [i:u] --- iu --- liux 了、结束 ([i:]后面是非辅音韵尾时,写作i,而非ie)
    [i:m] --- iem --- siemj 手
    [i:n] --- ien --- xien 半夜
    [i:] --- ieng --- jiengq 胀
    [i:p] --- iep --- tiep 贴、赔本 (中高平调韵母)
    [i:t] --- iet --- xiet 揭开 (中高平调韵母)
    [i:k] --- iek --- miek 痒 (中高平调韵母)
    [i:p] --- ieb --- gieb 穿越 (升调韵母)
    [i:t] --- ied --- vied 蝉 (升调韵母)
    [i:k] --- ieg --- brieg 饿(升调韵母)

    高元音(短)> I
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [im] --- im --- sim 心(此为文读。白读为sam )
    [in] --- in --- xinq 信
    [i] --- ing --- jingq 是
    [ip] --- ip --- gip 急 (高平调韵母)
    [it] --- it --- xit 七 (高平调韵母)
    [ik] --- ik --- bik 仓促 (高平调韵母)
    [ip] --- ib --- drib 生,未熟(升调韵母)
    [it] --- id --- mid 刀 (升调韵母)
    [ik] --- ig --- dig 挤(进去) (升调韵母)

    [:] 圆唇中低元音(长)> or
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [:] --- or --- gorj 也,确实
    [:m] --- orm --- normj 嫩,水灵
    [:n] --- orn --- nyornh 抱怨,懊恼
    [:] --- orng --- dorng 烦闷
    [:p] --- orp --- gorp 联手/合作(中高平调韵母)
    [:t] --- ort --- gort 搂抱 (中高平调韵母)
    [:k] --- ork --- dork 锤打 (中高平调韵母)
    [:p] --- orb --- giorb 坏,差,凶(升调韵母)
    [:t] --- ord --- njord 月 (升调韵母)
    [:k] --- org --- borg 伏,趴 (升调韵母)

    [] 圆唇中低元音(短元音)> oe
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [i] --- oi --- doiq 对,正确 (oei写作oi)
    [] --- oeng --- goeng 工
    [p] --- oep --- goep 和、跟随 (高平调韵母)
    [t] --- oet --- lioet 滑 (高平调韵母)
    [k] --- oek --- doek 掉落 (高平调韵母)
    [p] --- oeb --- hoeb 盒 (升调韵母)
    [t] --- oed --- noed 拖(地板)、挪 (升调韵母)
    [k] --- oeg --- boeg 趴 (升调韵母)

    [o] 圆唇中高元音 > o
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [o] --- o --- goj 头
    [oi] --- oi --- goiz (帽子)歪
    [om] --- om --- dom 水淹,浸
    [on] --- on --- zonz 船
    [o] --- ong --- vong 高
    [op] --- op --- dop (waiq dob:皮棉、棉絮) (高平调韵母)
    [ot] --- ot --- kiot 烧焦 (高平调韵母)
    [ok] --- ok --- fok 外行 (高平调韵母)
    [op] --- ob --- bob 腐朽 (升调韵母)
    [ot] --- od --- lod 蜜蜂 (升调韵母)
    [ok] --- og --- bog 白 (升调韵母)

    [u:] 圆唇高元音 (长元音)> ur (这个与ar一样表示长音)
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [u:] --- u --- gyu 笑([u:]无韵尾时写作u,而非ur)
    [u:i] --- ui --- wui 灰([u:i]写作ui,而非uri)
    [u:m] --- urm --- ngurmj 抱
    [u:n] --- urn --- gurnj 管理
    [u:] --- urng --- murngz 忙
    [u:p] --- urp --- wurp 捧 (中高平调韵母)
    [u:t] --- urt --- xurt 喝 (中高平调韵母)
    [u:k] --- urk --- gwurk 蘸(液体) (中高平调韵母)
    [u:p] --- urb --- (暂缺) (升调韵母)
    [ut] --- urd --- zurd 消瘦,消退 (升调韵母)
    [u:k] --- urg --- (暂缺) (升调韵母)

    圆唇高元音(短元音)> u
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [un] --- un --- gunj 滚
    [u] --- ung --- diung 抬
    [up] --- up --- (mraj ) mrup 软绵绵(高平调韵母)
    [ut] --- ut --- xut 戌(地支名)(高平调韵母)
    [uk] --- uk --- duk 包(动词)(高平调韵母)
    [up] --- ub --- hub 合适 (升调韵母)
    [ut] --- ud --- lud 抢夺 (升调韵母)
    [uk] --- ug --- zug 捆绑 (升调韵母)

    [] 中元音 (短元音) > er
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [m] --- erm --- lerm 风
    [n] --- ern --- lernz 背后
    [] --- erng --- serng 升(量词)
    [p] --- erp --- derp 发(芽) (高平调韵母)
    [t] --- ert --- mbert 舔 (高平调韵母)
    [k] --- erk --- derk 找,喂,猎取(高平调韵母)
    [p] --- erb --- zerb 吹 (升调韵母)
    [t] --- erd --- jerd 挖 (升调韵母)
    [k] --- erg --- lerg 力量 (升调韵母)

    [:] 中元音 (长元音) > ear (这个长音用加一个a做长音标记)
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [:] --- er --- derz 巨大([ә:]无韵尾时写作er,而非ear。实则[ә]无韵尾时无长短之分)
    [:n] --- earn --- learnj 耀眼
    [:] --- earng --- searngj 想
    [:t] --- eart --- (暂缺)(中高平调韵母)
    [:k] --- eark --- leark 换/替 (中高平调韵母)
    [:t] --- eard --- lweard 搽,抚摸(升调韵母)
    [:k] --- earg --- (暂缺)(升调韵母)

    [] 舌尖前元音 (读如汉语“资”的韵母)> iw
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [] --- iw --- siwq (老)师 (注:此音与[ɯ]皆写为iw)

    [] 非圆唇后高元音 (汉语普通话没这个音。读如汉语“资”的韵母,但舌根靠后)> iw
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [] --- iw --- hiw 圩,集,街 (注:此音与[ɿ](汉语‘资’的韵母) 皆写为iw)。Hiw ‘圩’也有人读为her 。

    [y] 圆唇前元音 (读如汉语“鱼”的韵母)> ue (这个不太满意。有好建议请提出)
    音标 --- 文字 --- 例子
    [y] --- ue --- juez 锤子、除非,xue 输(不赢),xue (ngwiq) 昏迷,(lauj) guej 妓女,xuet (ma ) 簇狗,xueq (nreauq) (给小孩)把(尿)

    本来[y]可以写成汉语拼音的ü,但是键盘不好输入,只好另辟出路。


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